3 Main Parameters of Truck Engine Size
Investing in a pickup truck gives you the ability to haul or tow heavy loads. Modern pickups come in a wide range of sizes, with varying engines to go along with these different sizes.
You will need to give careful consideration to the type of engine that will best meet your needs before purchasing a new truck. Engine size is one factor that will influence your decision. Understanding the main parameters of truck engine size will help you better evaluate which engine is most suitable for you.
1. Number of Cylinders
The number of cylinders an engine has is directly related to the amount of power the engine can produce. If you plan to use your truck for heavy towing, you want an engine with more cylinders.
Modern trucks typically come with either six- or eight-cylinder engines. To prevent the additional cylinders from causing the shaft connected to the crankshaft from failing, engine manufacturers have arranged truck engine cylinders in a V-shaped pattern. You have probably seen trucks described as having a V6 or V8 engine, and the arrangement of the cylinders is where these descriptors originate.
2. Engine Volume
Engine volume is typically expressed as a number in a truck's description. This number refers to the total volume of all the engine's cylinders combined. Pay attention to engine volume when shopping for a new pickup truck. The larger the volume of an engine is, the more powerful the engine will be. Then, make sure that the engine volume of the truck you select is adequate to meet your towing needs.
3. Horsepower and Torque
Horsepower and torque are closely related when it comes to their function within an engine. Torque matters most when a truck's engine is operating at a low RPM. It's the torque that gives a vehicle the initial push required to maintain motion when switching gears.
Once enough fuel is fed into the engine to increase the RPM rating, horsepower becomes a more significant factor. Both torque and horsepower influence the towing capabilities of an engine. Higher torque means less strain on the engine when shifting and better acceleration when towing. More horsepower means an increased ability to haul heavy loads. The engine installed in a pickup truck will have a direct impact on the performance of the vehicle.
Take the time to identify the parameters which define a truck's engine size so that you can compare these parameters against your personal needs. Learn more by contacting companies that install or work with Cummins 6.7 engines.